Association of College Educators - Deaf & Hard of Hearing (ACE-DHH)

An Analysis of Educational Attainment Gaps: The Impact of Gender, Race and Ethnicity, C.L. Garberoglio & S. Cawthorn; February 17, 2018

Presentation Summary: Deaf individuals complete high school at lower rates than their hearing peers. However, educational attainment disparities are more visible when also considering gender, race, and ethnicity, as demonstrated by secondary data analyses of the American Community Survey.


Recommended Resources: Deaf People and Educational Attainment in the United States: 2017, State Reports: Postsecondary Achievement of Deaf People

Presenters


Stephanie W. Cawthon, PhD

Caucasian woman with brown shoulder length hair and pink shirt with black blazer

she/her/hers
@swcawthon

Dr. Stephanie Cawthon’s mission is to translate research into practices that help millions of deaf Americans succeed after high school—at work, in training programs, or at a college or university.

Her 29-year career in teaching and research is dedicated to studying the different ways deaf people achieve educational success, how it leads to life satisfaction, and what schools, governments, and parents can do to ensure that students can thrive.

Dr. Cawthon was recently appointed the first deaf editor of Perspectives on Deafness, an Oxford University Press international book series on the leading research and practices with deaf people. She is a tenured professor at The University of Texas at Austin’s College of Education in the Department of Educational Psychology, with a courtesy appointment in Special Education.

An internationally-renowned expert who is in high demand as a speaker and collaborator, Dr. Cawthon’s research examines the multiple factors that affect how deaf people succeed after high school, investigates issues of equity and access in education, explores accommodations and accessible learning environments, and challenges systemic standards that may be holding some students back. Her research has been funded by nearly $25 million in federal and other grants.

She literally wrote the book on the topic. Dr. Cawthon co-authored Shifting the Dialog, Shifting the Culture: Pathways to Successful Postsecondary Outcomes for Deaf Individuals with NDC Director Carrie Lou Garberoglio, PhD, a publication that a leading journal called “an important contribution to the field.” They also co-authored Research in Deaf Education: Contexts, Challenges and Considerations in 2017.

Her first book, Accountability-Based Reforms: The Impact of Deaf or Hard of Hearing Students, won the Exceptional Book of the Year Award in 2012 from Exceptionality Education International.

Raised oral in mainstream schools, Dr. Cawthon’s own transition to college was challenging. She attempted the accommodations strategies she used in high school, then quickly realized they were inadequate in a large university setting. She went on to earn her Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in Psychology from Stanford University, where her initial line of research in the language development in deaf children launched her career. Dr. Cawthon received her doctorate in Educational Psychology from the University of Wisconsin at Madison in 2002, where she became a systems thinker focused on educational access, equity, and attainment.

Current Affiliations and Appointments 

  • Professor, Department of Educational Psychology | University of Texas at Austin

  • Board of Directors and Director of the Deaf and Hard of Hearing Institute | Meadows Center for Preventing Educational Risk at the University of Texas at Austin 

  • Provost’s Teaching Fellow Emeritus | University of Texas at Austin 

  • Director of Research and Evaluation | Drama for Schools 

  • Principal Reviewer | Journal of Educational Psychology

  • Editorial Board Member | Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability; Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities, Career Development and Transition for Exceptional Individuals

  • Member | Student with Disabilities Assessment Advisory Task Force for the Council of Chief State School Officers; Technical Advisory Committee for the National Center on Educational Outcomes; Technical Advisory Committee for ELPA21 Assessment Consortium and CAAELP Assessment Consortium at UCLA; Advisory Committee of Assessment of English Language Learners for the Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium

Carrie Lou Garberoglio, PhD

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@carrie1ou

As a deaf person who grew up in the deaf community, Dr. Carrie Lou Garberoglio’s professional expertise is steeped in her lived experience.

A nationally-recognized educational researcher, she directs the National Deaf Center on Postsecondary Outcomes and is the principal investigator for the federally funded grant. Working in tandem with Associate Director Tia Ivanko, MA, NIC, to manage the organization, Dr. Garberoglio oversees the center’s research, community and government engagement, and outreach initiatives.

Her motivation for her work is deeply personal, and largely driven by the desire to center deaf people in decision-making that makes an impact on everyday lives. Dr. Garberoglio’s work seeks to counter commonly held narratives about deaf people that are built on a deficit perspective. She advocates for examining the deficits within systems, then changing the systems — not the people.

In her work, Dr. Garberoglio strives to reach a more nuanced understanding of the development of deaf people throughout the life cycle, particularly in the adolescent and young adult period, and how that development is significantly affected by psychosocial factors and systemic barriers. She seeks to provide the field with current and accurate data about deaf people that places outcome data within appropriate contexts, through secondary analyses of large-scale federal datasets.

Her research into the critical transition period after high school for deaf people is also the topic of Shifting the Dialog, Shifting the Culture: Pathways to Successful Postsecondary Outcomes for Deaf Individuals, the critically acclaimed book Dr. Garberoglio co-authored in 2017 with NDC Founding Director Stephanie W. Cawthon, PhD. They also co-authored Research in Deaf Education: Contexts, Challenges and Considerations in 2017 to increase research rigor in work that involves deaf communities.

As an early-career deaf scholar, she is part of the current movement of deaf academics who are stepping up to take the mic, demanding a seat at the table, and forging new paths through academia.

Dr. Garberoglio has authored over 25 scholarly publications and numerous technical and evaluation reports, and presents regularly at conferences. She is committed to increasing the accessibility of research for deaf audiences, using American Sign Language (ASL) to translate and disseminate complex academic content. She also teaches research methods and statistics coursework at the University of Northern Colorado.

As a child of deaf parents who were also educators in the deaf education system, Dr. Garberoglio’s first language was ASL, and dinner conversations revolved around teaching and school systems. She attended one of the largest state schools for the deaf in the nation. She was also mainstreamed for part of the school day from 3rd to 9th grade, where she used ASL interpreters and navigated systems that were not fully accessible in terms of social interactions — an unfortunately common experience for many deaf students in mainstream U.S. schools.

Dr. Garberoglio earned two master’s degrees, the first in Deaf Education and Deaf Studies from Lamar University, and the second in Program Evaluation from The University of Texas at Austin. She has a PhD in Educational Psychology at The University of Texas at Austin.

An avid gardener and home cook, Carrie Lou lives in Austin and enjoys reading, camping, and traveling with her two daughters and partner Lizzie.

Current Affiliations and Appointments

  • Project Manager | Meadows Center for Preventing Educational Risk at the University of Texas at Austin

  • Instructor | Department of ASL & Interpreting Studies at the College of Education & Behavioral Sciences at the University of Northern Colorado

  • Evaluator | Deaf STEM Community Alliance

  • Associate Editor | Journal of American Sign Language and Literature

  • Review Board Member | Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education

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