American Educational Research Association 2019 Annual Meeting

English to Sign Language Translations of Assessments: Three Case Studies and Implications for Construct Validity, Stephanie Cawthon, Carrie Lou Garbergio & Jeffrey Palmer; April 5-9, 2019

Presentation Summary: In designing accessible assessments of deaf students’ knowledge, the goal is to remove obstacles which lead to invalid interpretations of resultant test scores. One approach is to provide sign language translations of existing assessment items. In this paper we review the literature on approaches to sign language translation and describe protocols used for three different measurement translation projects.

Understanding deaf individuals who are not in the labor force: A cluster analysis. , Carrie Lou Garbergio, Stephanie Cawthon, Jeffrey Palmer & Jeffrey Sales; April 5-9, 2019

Presentation Summary: Deaf people are increasingly gaining access to continuing education and training opportunities after high school, yet almost half of deaf people opt out of the labor force. To better understand the characteristics of deaf people who do not participate in the labor force, a cluster analysis was conducted using data from the 2016 American Community Survey. This presentation will share the results of this cluster analysis. Findings can help researchers, policy-makers, and educators identify risk factors and design programming that takes those individual differences into account.

Educational Attainment by Deaf Students and Student Veterans with Hearing Loss, Jeffrey Palmer; April 5-9, 2019

Presentation Summary: Postsecondary education has become an increasingly important prerequisite for successful transition from military to civilian life. Since nonmilitary students with varying degrees of hearing loss attain lower levels of education than their hearing peers, this study investigates the relationship between veteran status, hearing loss, and educational attainment. This poster will share attainment data for Veterans with hearing loss and suggested barriers within the postsecondary setting.


Stephanie Cawthon

headshot of Caucasian woman with shoulder length brown hair and black shirt

Dr. Stephanie Cawthon is a leading scholar in the field and has a deep grasp of the fundamental issues that affect postsecondary success for deaf individuals. With bachelor’s and master’s degrees from Stanford University and a Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, her training is world class. She examines factors related to deaf individuals and their preparation for postsecondary settings, as well as designing accessible learning environments, effective professional development, and culturally relevant and rigorous research design. She has taught deaf postsecondary students in both face-to-face and online platforms. Her personal experience as a deaf person is integrated into her understanding of what it means to navigate academic and professional contexts. Her Deaf and Hard of Hearing Institute within the Meadows Center for Preventing Educational Risk (MCPER) at The University of Texas at Austin was designed specifically to provide the highest-quality research-to-practice translation and support to professionals and individuals in the field.

Carrie Lou Garberoglio

Photo of Carrie Lou

Dr. Carrie Lou Garberoglio is an educational researcher and evaluator. Her research examines deaf individuals’ psychological processes in a variety of contexts: teaching, language learning, computer-mediated communication, and transition from secondary to postsecondary settings. Carrie Lou has authored over 17 scholarly publications, two books, and numerous technical and evaluation reports. As a part of her goal to increase research rigor in work that involves deaf communities, Carrie Lou is the co-editor of Research in Deaf Education: Contexts, Challenges, Considerations, published by Oxford University Press in 2017. She also teaches research methods and statistics coursework at the University of Northern Colorado. As a deaf person who was raised in the deaf community, Carrie Lou is committed to increasing the accessibility of research for deaf audiences, using ASL in video formats to translate and disseminate complex academic content. Carrie Lou holds two master’s degrees, the first in Deaf Education and Deaf Studies from Lamar University, and the second in Program Evaluation from the University of Texas at Austin. She obtained her PhD in Educational Psychology at the University of Texas at Austin.

Jeffrey Palmer

Photograph of Jeffrey Palmer

Dr. Jeffrey Levi Palmer is a researcher. He is interested in not only the formative factors that result in the best language, literacy, and academic outcomes, but also which educational and social practices continue to elevate young deaf adults. His research examines understudied bilinguals, such as heritage bimodal bilinguals and visual-gestural unimodal bilinguals. He has taught linguistics and language acquisition to deaf postsecondary students both face-to-face and online. For more than a decade he has worked as a professional sign language interpreter (NIC, Ed:K–12) in a variety of specialized and technical settings. He is on the Test Development Committee for the Center for Assessment of Sign Language Interpretation and is vice chair of Deaf-Parented Interpreters with the Registry of Interpreters for the Deaf. He holds a bachelor’s degree in interdisciplinary studies with a concentration in Chinese language and culture from the Friends World College at Long Island University and obtained master’s and doctoral degrees in linguistics at Gallaudet University in Washington, D.C.